"Map of the Dutch voyage to Nova Zembla," Vraye Description…, 1609, From The Library at The Mariners’ Museum, G690.1594.V42 rare.

William Barents

1550 CE - 1597 CE

The Netherlands

Primary Goal:

To travel northeast, through the arctic, around Russia to China and Cathay to set-up a Dutch trade route to the east. He did this to avoid conflict with the Spanish to the south.

Achievement:

He discovered Spitsbergen, Bear Island, and sailed to the east side of Novaya Zemlya (New Land).